Cusco is a city in southeastern Peru and is the capital city of the Cusco Province and has a population of 435,114 persons. A large proportion of the population is indigenous. Cusco is known as the heart of the Inca Empire and is the archaeological capital of the Americas. The famous Inca Citadel Machu Picchu and the Sacred Valley of the Incas are located nearby and was declared a World Heritage Site in 1983 by UNESCO. Tourism represents a very important source of revenue to the area. But most inhabitants of this area are involved in agriculture and brewery. The economic benefits from tourism have failed to reach the majority of the population and so many of Cusco’s residents live in poverty.
Its climate is generally dry and temperate, with two defined seasons. The dry season lasts from April to October, with abundant sunshine, and occasional nighttime freezes: July is the coolest month with an average of 9.6 °C (49.3 °F). The wet season lasts from November to March, with night frost less common: November averages 13.4 °C (56.1 °F). Although frost and hail are common, snow is virtually unheard of.
3400 m (11,200 ft.)